Esthetics & Design: Symmetry

Hand-out in workshop on Esthetics & Design in Permaculture. Patterns in Nature: Symmetry  Bilateral animals, including humans, are more or less symmetric with respect to the sagittal plane which divides the body into left and right halves. Plants and sessile (attached) animals such as sea anemones often have radial or rotational symmetry. Fivefold symmetry… Continue reading Esthetics & Design: Symmetry

Esthetics & Design: Fractals

Hand-out for a workshop on Esthetics & Design in Permaculture. Patterns in Nature: self-similarity & scale  Exact self-similarity: identical at all scales; e.g. Koch snowflake Quasi self-similarity: approximates the same pattern at different scales; may contain small copies of the entire fractal in distorted and degenerate forms Statistical self-similarity: repeats a pattern stochastically so… Continue reading Esthetics & Design: Fractals

Esthetics & Design: Sheet Mulching

Hand-out for a workshop on sheet mulching. emphasis on esthetic qualities of the shape of beds/pathways/stepping stones and the different textures of the finishing top layer. An often encountered criticism of permaculture design in public space is that it looks “messy”. And frankly: it often does. Going overboard on pragmatism can lead to a neglect… Continue reading Esthetics & Design: Sheet Mulching